The Kingdom of Bahrain is a party to the following major human rights Conventions:
- Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC), and the two protocols thereto:
- Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution, and Child Pornography (CRC-OPSC)
- Optional Protocol on the Involvement of Children in Armed Conflict (CRC-OPAC)
- Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW)
- Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
- International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
- Slavery Convention, 1926
- Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, 1948
- United Nations Convention against Transnational Organised Crime, and its two protocols:
- Protocol to Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, especially women and children
- Protocol against the Smuggling of migrants by Land, Sea and Air.
In addition, Bahrain is actively studying becoming a Party to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, both of which the Government has referred to Parliament.
The Kingdom of Bahrain has continued to contribute financially to the Office of the United Nations Commissioner for Human Rights, as well as to other programmes, on an ongoing basis. Such contributions are intended to strengthen the work of the Office and the implementation of its human rights programmes. The Kingdom of Bahrain will continue such contributions, where possible, in the future. The Government of Bahrain is also actively cooperating with the United Nations special human rights mechanisms as well as the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, which has resultedin in visits from the former High Commissioner, Mrs. Mary Robinson in 2002, and from the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention in 2001. As part of its campaign to combat trafficking in persons, and in a spirit of international cooperation, Bahrain also envisages a visit from the Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons in the near future.
The Kingdom of Bahrain is committed to the United Nations General Assembly resolution 60/251, which established the Human Rights Council Having been elected to membership of the Council, will assist in creating a conducive international atmosphere and commitment for cooperation in human rights. The Kingdom of Bahrain, through its membership of the Council, is also committed to supporting the United Nations human rights machinery, including the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights. The Kingdom of Bahrain commit itself to the principles of consultation and dialogue and cooperation with all United Nations members, and Human Rights Council members in particular, in a spirit of transparency and openness, in order to strengthen human rights and fundamental freedoms worldwide. Bahrain will, as it has always done, continue to promote respect, tolerance and solidarity. The Kingdom of Bahrain will continue its cooperation and coordination with Non-Governmental Organizations, which are genuine partners in developing the work of the Council in general, and on human rights in particular. The Kingdom of Bahrain will work with other actors within the international community to develop and strengthen human rights, through the implementation of human rights principles and standards enshrined in regional and international agreements.