The Arab League charter was signed on the 22nd of March, 1945 by the representatives of the Arab countries. Its establishment came to prove the closeness of a multiple bonds between all Arab states and in order to consolidate these ties and guide them to the best of all the Arab countries as well as to ensure their future and achieve their aspirations in response to the Arab public opinion in all Arab countries.
Objectives of the Arab League:
- Consolidating relations among Arab countries
- Safeguarding the independence of member-states
- Coordinating the plans and policies among member-states
- Enhancing cooperation in economic, cultural, social, health and other fields
- Looking into the Arab states’ interests and affairs in general
- Cooperating with international bodies to ensure security and peace and regulate economic and social relations
Meetings of the Arab League are held as follows:
- The Arab League Council at the Summit level: it is the highest authority in the Arab League and convenes at the level of Arab Leaders (in March of each year). The Arab League may hold extraordinary summit, if need be.
- The ministerial—level sessions of the Council of the Arab League are held in March and September of each year. Sessions may be held at any time of the year to discuss any case relating to Joint Arab action.
- The Ministerial Council Preparatory Meeting is held once a year to prepare for the regular annual Arab Summit
- The sessions of the Council of the League at the level of permanent Representatives are usually held either in preparation for Ministerial meetings or when necessary.
The Council, in accordance with Article III of the Charter, fulfills the following objectives:
- Observing the implementation of the agreements concluded by the member-states in various fields.
- Taking the necessary measures to deter actual or potential hostility towards any member state.
- Settling disputes between member States by peaceful means, i.e. through mediation or arbitration.
- Determining means of cooperation with international bodies in order to preserve global peace and security.
The Economic and Social Council:
The Council holds two sessions, one at the level of senior officials and the other at the Ministerial level. The Council participates in the arrangements for the Arab summits and the preparatory meetings for the Economic and Social Summit. The Economic and Social Council approves the establishment of any specialized Arab organization and makes sure the current organizations are thoroughly fulfilling their duties as per their charters and according to the provisions set for such purposes. The Council has two committees; economic and social.
Specialized Ministerial Councils:
The General Secretariat has formed specialized Ministerial Councils in all sectors to support joint Arab action such as Arab Interior Ministers Council, Arab Health Ministers Council, Arab Information Ministers Council and others.
Specialized Arab Organizations and Bodies:
- Council of Arab Economic Unity (CAEU)
- Organization of Arab Petroleum Exporting Countries (OAPEC)
- Arab Administrative Development Organization (ARADO)
- Arab States Broadcasting Union (ASBU)
- Arab League Educational, Cultural and Scientific Organization (ALECSO).
- The Arab Center for the Studies of Arid zones and Dry lands (ACSAD)
- Arab Academy for Science, Technology and Maritime Transport
- Arab Labour Organization (ALO)
- Arab Organization for. Agricultural Development (AOAD)
- Arab Satellite Communications Organization (ARABSAT)
- The Arab Interior Ministers Council
- Arab Atomic Energy Agency
- Arab Industrial Development and Mining Organization (AIDMO)
- Arab Civil Aviation Commission (ACAC)
- Arab Information and Communication Technology Organization (AICTO)
- Arab Fund for Economic and Social Development (AFESD)
- Arab Bank for Economic Development in Africa (ABEDA)
- The Arab Investment and Export Credit Guarantee Corporation
- Arab Monetary Fund (AMF)
- Arab Authority for Agricultural Investment & Development (AAAID)
These organizations raise their annual reports to the Economic and Social Council at September session of each year.
The Kingdom of Bahrain and the Arab League:
- The Kingdom of Bahrain is proud of its Arab identity and shares with the Arab States’ their concerns, issues and rights as well as it supports their decisive causes. It is also proud of its contribution to the activation and development of Pan-Arab action and regional organizations’ mechanisms, mainly the Arab League, as an urgent matter dictated by current challenges.
- The Kingdom of Bahrain joined the Arab League after its independence on September 11, 1971 and has contributed to the work of the Arab League over the past years in firm commitment to its Charter and principles.
- The Kingdom of Bahrain presided over the 15th Arab Summit in Sharm El-Sheikh in 2003.
- The Kingdom of Bahrain chaired several meetings of the Council of the League at the Ministerial level in 1975, 1985 and 2006, the last of which was the 145th session of the Arab League at the Ministerial level from March 2016 to September of the same year. And while chairing the said sessions, it also chaired a number of relevant Ministerial Councils.
- The first Representative of the Kingdom of Bahrain to the Arab League is Ambassador Taqi Al-Baharna.
Kingdom of Bahrain Contributions:
The Kingdom of Bahrain has interacted with various bodies of the Arab League on all economic, developmental and social levels, hosted a number of its meetings. It hosted the third Forum session of the Arab-Chinese Cooperation at the ministerial level in May 2008 and other events within the framework of the Arab-China Cooperation. It also hosted the first session of the Arab-Indian Cooperation Forum in January 2016. The Kingdom of Bahrain strengthened its constructive role in order to defend the most important current Arab causes, especially the Palestinian cause and the Middle East peace process.
The Arab League Key Posts Assigned to Bahrainis:
- Ambassador Khalil Ibrahim Al Thawadi / Assistant Secretary General – Head of Arab Affairs Sector and National Security Sector.
- MP Adel Al Assoumi, Deputy Speaker of the Arab Parliament
- Counselor Mohammed Juma Fzaie / Chairman of the Committee on Arab Human Rights (Charter Committee)
- Mr. Othman Sherif Al Rayes / Vice Chairman of the Arab Labor Organization for the category of employers
- Faiqa Saeed Al Saleh/ Advisor to the Secretary General of the Arab League (Former)
- Dr. Jassim Al Mannai / General Manager and Chairman of the Arab Monetary Fund (Former)
- Dr. Abdulaziz Al Najdi / Advisor to the Secretary General of the Arab League (Former)
- Ambassador Abdulnabi Mseib / Head of the Arab League Mission to Berlin, Germany (Former)
Arab League Charter
Arab League website
Arab Affairs Archives