The Kingdom of Bahrain has consistently supported the Palestinian cause since the Palestinian catastrophe of 1948, and believes it to be a crucial Arab issue. The political orientation of the Kingdom of Bahrain with regards to this issue can be summarized as follows:
- The Kingdom of Bahrain supports a peaceful solution to the Palestinian cause and supports the restoration of the Palestinian people's legitimate rights, and their fair demands of establishing an independent Palestinian State with the Holy city of Jerusalem as its capital, within the pre-1967 borders. Furthermore, it supports the right of return of Palestinian refugees, in accordance with the legal international resolutions 242 (1967); and 338 (1973); and the United Nations General Assembly Res. 194 (third session) issued in 1948, in addition to the Arab Peace Initiative, and the principle of Land for Peace, as well as in reference to the Madrid Conference, and the Road Map.
- The Kingdom of Bahrain—along with the Arab League—believes in a strategic peace alternative based upon the Arab League Res. 5092 issued in 1991.
- The Kingdom of Bahrain has affirmed its support to the Arab Peace Initiative endorsed by the Arab summit in Beirut in 2002, and reaffirmed by the Arab summit in Algeria, 2005; Sudan in 2006; and Riyadh in 2007; developing a comprehensive vision for the Palestinian cause and the Arab-Israeli conflict. As a member of the Arab Peace Initiative established in the 2002 Beirut summit, the Kingdom of Bahrain works—in collaboration with other Arab states—towards the acceptance of the initiative as a basis for a solution alongside the Road Map.
- Respecting the Palestinian National Authority— which originated from the PLO— headed by Mahmoud Abbas, the legitimate representative of the Palestinian people. The Kingdom of Bahrain also participated in the "London Meeting Supporting the Palestinian Authority", which took place in 2005.
- Holding Israel responsible for the unfortunate, deteriorating, and painful situation in the Palestinian lands as a result of Israel's aggressive practices including: assassinations; settlement-building; and the erection of the Separation Wall; as well as attacking holy places, and imposing economic blockades.
- The necessity of dissolving the economic and financial blockades imposed on the Palestinian people.
- Forcing Israel to return to negotiations and commit to the peace accords that were signed. The Kingdom of Bahrain has been urging both sides to resume negotiations to finalize the restoration of all Palestinian rights via direct negotiations.
- Bahrain supports efforts by the Quartet on the Middle East to stimulate the peace process based on implementation of the Road Map, the Arab Peace Initiative, and Security Council Res. 1515 (2004).
- The Kingdom of Bahrain supports other Arab parties in regaining their occupied territories in the Golan Heights, Syria; and the remaining territory of Shebaa Farms in southern Lebanon.