حقوق الإنسان

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The Declaration of the Constitutional Monarchy

  • Constitution: guarantees individual rights and freedoms including woman’s participation and  right in election and voting
  • May 19th 2002 municipal election which is open to foreigners owning property in Bahrain
  • October 24th 2002 legislative elections


The National Action Charter

  • Approved by an overwhelming majority (over 98%) in a popular referendum and ratified by H.M the King by Amiri Order 17/2001 of 16 February 2001
  • Provides for a democratically-elected legislative body, with women entitled both to vote and to stand as candidates, guarantees the separation of powers and a fully independent judiciary, reaffirms personal rights and freedoms, and sets out a framework for Bahrain’s economic, social and political progress


The releases of Prisoners and Detainees held on National Security grounds, and the Return of Bahrainis from Abroad

  • Following substantial releases and pardons in recent years, an Amiri Decree of 5 February 2001 ordered and an amnesty and the release of all persons held for offenses against national security, and extended the amnesty to Bahrainis living abroad


Repeal of State Security Law

  • The State Security Law of 1975 was repealed by Law by Decree 11 of 2001 on 18 Feb 2001. In addition, the Court established by Article 185 of the Penal Code 1976 has been abolished


Establishment of a National Human Rights Body

  • Established at the Shura Council with a wide-ranging mandate to investigate human rights issues
  • In addition, an independent non-governmental organization, the Bahrain Human Rights Society, has recently been authorized to begin its valuable work


Women appointed to the Shura Council

  • From the start of its current session of October 2000, the Shura (Consultative) Council has included among its membership a number of women, as well as representatives of religious minorities


Establishment of the Supreme Council for the Judiciary

  • Established to further safeguard  independence of judges and  integrity of the judicial process


Continuing Cooperative Discussions with the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights (OHCHR)

  • Wide-ranging dialogue continues with a view to expanding human rights cooperation, including a visit to Bahrain by an OHCHR technical delegation in late 2000


The Visit by the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention

  • Bahrain hosted a visit by the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention from 20-24 October 2001

Visits by the International Committee of the Red Cross

  • The ICRC paid visits to Bahrain since 1996 in accordance with a 1996 Memorandum of Understanding


Submission of Bahrain’s Report under the Convention on the Rights of the Child.

The report was discussed by the Committee on the Rights of the Child on 28th January 2002.

Withdrawal of Reservation to Article 20 of the Convention Against Torture.

Steps are currently under way to transfer the prosecution Department from the Ministry of Interior to the Ministry of Justice and Islamic affairs.

The creation of a Financial Accountability Council is under discussion within the National Charter Activation Committee.

An urgent housing needs plan for Bahraini citizens was adopted by the Cabinet on 13th May 2001.

Moreover, the housing projects budget was increased to BD 25 million for 2001-2002, as well as increasing the housing loans budget by BD 10 million to reach BD 30 million.


Announcement of a project consisting of providing 215 plots as well as 106 housing units in Sitra area.


Decreasing the tuition fees for all Bahraini students enrolled in the University of Bahrain from BD 720 to BD 120 for each academic year.


Providing financial aid for the unemployed (BD 100 for married and BD 70 for unmarried citizens).

On 28th May, 2001, the Government decided to amend the Association Law in order to enable the establishment of a National Trade Union.


The Kingdom of Bahrain achieved an advanced position (40th rank globally), and the first rank in the Arab world, in the human development index of the UNDP Human Development Report which was published in the year 2001.


In July 2001, the Government sponsored the orphans living in Bahrain.
Later in the year this sponsorship was extended to divorced and widowed women.


On 22nd August 2001 the Supreme Council for Women was established.


During late year 2001 the State of Bahrain witnessed the appointment of the first lady as a Secretary General of the Supreme Council for Women with a rank of a minister.


More than 360 Non-Governmental Organizations were established in Bahrain by the end of the year 2001.


The Municipal Elections Law was finalized in the Shura Council during the month of December 2001.


The State of Bahrain contributed 10’000 US Dollars for the UN Voluntary Fund for Victims of Torture.


On 5th February 2002 H.M the King announced the following:

  • Firstly, every citizen will fully own the housing unit that he paid half of its value
  • Secondly, every citizen is exempted of paying the remaining installments of the loan he paid its half value
  • Thirdly, exempting every citizen, benefiting from housing services, of paying half of any due installments. 
(More than 30,000 Bahraini families benefited from this announcement)

 

In 2002 a program was initiated to employ more Bahrainis in Bahrain Defense Force 
as well as in the Ministry of Education.



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